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American Association for Cancer Research

Article Metrics

Inhaled cellulosic and plastic fibers found in human lung tissue.

Overview of attention for article published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, May 1998
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (98th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
11 news outlets
blogs
2 blogs
twitter
52 tweeters

Citations

dimensions_citation
81 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
230 Mendeley
Title
Inhaled cellulosic and plastic fibers found in human lung tissue.
Published in
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, May 1998
Pubmed ID
Authors

Pauly, J L, Stegmeier, S J, Allaart, H A, Cheney, R T, Zhang, P J, Mayer, A G, Streck, R J, J L Pauly, S J Stegmeier, H A Allaart, R T Cheney, P J Zhang, A G Mayer, R J Streck

Abstract

We report the results of studies undertaken to determine whether inhaled plant (i.e., cellulosic; e.g., cotton) and plastic (e.g., polyester) fibers are present in human lungs and, if so, whether inhaled fibers are also present in human lung cancers. Specimens of lung cancer of different histological types and adjacent nonneoplastic lung tissue were obtained from patients undergoing a lung resection for removal of a tumor. With the protection of a laminar flow hood and safeguards to prevent contamination by extraneous fibers, fresh, nonfixed, and nonstained samples of lung tissue were compressed between two glass microscope slides. Specimens in these dual slide chambers were examined with a microscope configured to permit viewing with white light, fluorescent light, polarizing light, and phase-contrast illumination. Near-term fetal bovine lungs and nonlung human tumors were used as controls. In contrast to the observations of these control tissues, morphologically heterogeneous fibers were seen repetitively in freshly excised human lung tissue using polarized light. Inhaled fibers were present in 83% of nonneoplastic lung specimens (n = 67/81) and in 97% of malignant lung specimens (n = 32/33). Thus, of the 114 human lung specimens examined, fibers were observed in 99 (87%). Examination of histopathology slides of lung tissue with polarized light confirmed the presence of inhaled cellulosic and plastic fibers. Of 160 surgical histopathology lung tissue slides, 17 were selected for critical examination; of these, fibers were identified in 13 slides. The inhalation of mineral (e.g., asbestos) fibers has been described by many investigators; we believe, however, that this is the first report of inhaled nonmineral (e.g., plant and plastic) fibers. These bioresistant and biopersistent cellulosic and plastic fibers are candidate agents contributing to the risk of lung cancer.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 52 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 230 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Germany 1 <1%
Unknown 229 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 44 19%
Student > Ph. D. Student 42 18%
Researcher 32 14%
Student > Bachelor 31 13%
Other 12 5%
Other 22 10%
Unknown 47 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Environmental Science 54 23%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 19 8%
Chemistry 16 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 16 7%
Engineering 13 6%
Other 47 20%
Unknown 65 28%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 149. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 07 April 2021.
All research outputs
#154,166
of 17,436,984 outputs
Outputs from Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
#63
of 3,958 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#2,273
of 240,411 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
#2
of 60 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,436,984 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,958 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 14.1. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 240,411 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 60 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.